FIS White Code - Rules of Conduct on the Slope
This is a short list of the Rules of Behavior on the Slope, which were developed by the FIS (Federation Internationale de Ski - International Ski Federation) to prevent accidents while skiing. They can be considered the ideal behavior model for a responsible and prudent skier and snowboarder.
Every skier and snowboarder must be well aware of these rules, respect and comply with them.
Rule 1. Respect others
The skier or snowboarder must behave in a manner that does not endanger or cause harm to others.
FIS Comment: The skier or snowboarder is responsible not only for his own behavior, but also for the malfunction of his equipment. This also applies to the use of new products - newly developed equipment.
Rule 3. Choosing a direction
A skier or snowboarder approaching from behind must choose a direction of travel that does not endanger the skier or snowboarder ahead.
FIS Comment: Alpine skiing and snowboarding is a free sport where everyone can ride where and how they like, provided they follow these rules and adjust their skiing to their capabilities and conditions on the slope. The skier or snowboarder in front has priority. A skier or snowboarder riding behind another in the same direction must maintain sufficient distance between him and the other skier or snowboarder so that the skier in front can perform all his movements freely, including falling.
Rule 4. Overtaking
A skier or snowboarder may pass another skier from above, below, to the right or to the left, provided that he allows enough space for the overtaken skier to make any intended or unintentional movements.
FIS Comment: A skier or snowboarder who is overtaking another skier is solely responsible for ensuring that the maneuver he performs does not create any difficulties for the skier (including a stationary one) whom he is overtaking. This responsibility remains with him until the overtaking is completed.
Rule 5. Exit, start moving, moving up the slope
A skier or snowboarder entering a marked course or starting from a stop or moving up a slope must look up and down the slope to ensure that he can start without endangering himself or others.
FIS Comment: Experience shows that entering the track and starting after stopping is often the cause of accidents. It is extremely important that the skier or snowboarder enters the slope carefully and carefully, without causing interference or endangering himself or others. Once a skier has started moving, even slowly, he has an advantage, according to Rule 3, over faster skiers approaching from above or from behind.
The development of carving skis and snowboards allows their users to turn and ride uphill. Thus, they travel in the opposite direction to the main flow moving down the slope. Therefore, they must ensure in time that they can do this without endangering themselves or others.
Rule 6. Stopping on a slope
Unless absolutely necessary, a skier or snowboarder should avoid stopping on the slope in narrow areas or where visibility is limited. After a fall in such areas, a skier or snowboarder must clear the slope as quickly as possible.
FIS Comment: With the exception of very wide tracks, stops should be made at the edge of the track. A skier or snowboarder should not stop in narrow places or where it would be difficult for others to see from above.
Rule 7. Ascent and descent without skis
A skier or snowboarder going up, either with or without skis, or going down without skis, must stick to the edge of the piste.
FIS Comment: Going against the general direction can create unexpected obstacles for skiers and snowboarders. Footprints damage the slope and can pose a hazard to skiers and snowboarders.
Rule 8. Obey signs and markings
The skier or snowboarder must follow the signs and markings on the slope.
FIS comment: The difficulty level of the course is indicated by the corresponding color: black, red, blue and green. A skier or snowboarder is free to choose which route to go down. The slopes also have other signs indicating the direction, warning of danger and/or closure of the route. Road closure signs, as well as danger warning signs, must be clearly visible. The skier or snowboarder must understand that warning signs are placed for his benefit.
Rule 9. Help
In the event of an accident, it is the duty of every skier or snowboarder to provide assistance to the injured person.
FIS Comment: It is a basic principle for all athletes to provide assistance to those injured in an accident, whether they have a legal duty to do so or not. Immediate first aid must be provided, appropriate authorities notified, and the area where the accident occurred marked to warn other skiers. FIS hopes that all incidents and violations of the rules on the slope will be subject to legislation similar to that used in the investigation of road traffic accidents, and that similar penalties will be imposed on offenders in all countries where such legislation is not already in force .
Rule 10. Identification
All skiers or snowboarders and witnesses, regardless of involvement in the incident, must exchange names and addresses after the incident.
FIS Comment: Witnesses are essential to a detailed and correct incident report. Therefore, everyone must remember that it is their responsibility, as a responsible person, to provide information about what they witnessed. The emergency services and police reports, as well as photographs, are of great assistance in determining the extent of civil and criminal liability.